Inflamed gums are also called gingivitis. The gums turn very red, swollen and painful. It is important to act quickly if you think you have inflamed gums before it progresses to periodontal disease. This is a very severe form of gum disease, which may cause you to lose your teeth. If you have sensitive and swollen gums, always make an appointment with your dentist to treat the problem early.
Inflamed gums occur when plaque, bacteria and tartar build up. In order to recognize early whether you suffer from this, we have listed the most important symptoms of gingivitis for you:
Periodontal disease is an advanced form of inflamed gums where the inflammation extends deeper into the gums. The bacteria settle further into the gums and reach the jawbone. If the jawbone is inflamed, this can cause your teeth to fall out. It is therefore extremely important to sound the alarm early if you have any of the above symptoms.
If you suspect inflamed gums, make an appointment with the dentist. He will map your oral health using a Periodic Periodontal Screening score. This score can be used to determine the stage of the inflammation.
A treatment plan is drawn up based on the score from the examination. The higher the score, the sooner treatment is required. Usually it is only necessary to remove plaque and tartar, but with a score of 2 and 3 it is also necessary to treat the gums as quickly as possible.
Inflamed gums are caused by several factors. Poor oral hygiene in particular causes plaque and tartar to accumulate and form inflammation, but there are other causes of gingivitis:
Smokers’ gums become irritated and swollen more quickly. The healing process in people who smoke is also slower than in non-smokers.
Nutrition contributes to the overall health of the mouth. Try to consume as little sugar, alcohol and carbonated drinks as possible. An unhealthy diet allows bacteria, plaque and tartar to build up, causing inflammation.
Mouthwash is good for oral hygiene, unless the mouthwash contains alcohol. Alcohol causes the mouth to dry out and bacteria can spread more easily and quickly. So choose a mouthwash without alcohol for better oral hygiene.
Some medications also have a drying effect on the mouth. So read the package leaflet carefully before using a medication if you are sensitive to gum infections.
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